Gender and the Law

This guide contains materials dealing with sex and gender discrimination, sex stereotyping, and state/federal laws pertaining to gender or sex.


This topic includes the issue of abortion and other issues relating to reproductive freedom.  This include adoption rights, surrogacy, reproductive technologies, and contraceptives.

Primary Cases

Federal cases:

Carey v. Population Services International, 431 U.S. 678 (1977)

Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479 (1965) (birth control for married couples)

Eisenstadt v. Baird, 405 U.S. 438 (1972)

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) (legalized abortion)

Planned Parenthood of Southern Pennsylvania v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992) (birth control for single people)

Stenberg v. Carhart, 530 U.S. 914 (2000)

Relf v. Weinberger, 565 F.2d 722 (D.C. Circ. 1977) (sterilization abuse)

California cases:

Brownfield v. Daniel Freeman Marina Hospital, 208 Cal. App. 3d 405 (1989) (emergency contraception)

People v. Pointer, 151 Cal. App. 3d 1128 (1984) (coercive contraception)

Journal Articles


Birth Control

In virto fertilization / reproductive technologies

Stem Cell Research

Heafey Law Library Research Team